Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Are patients with non-invasive papillary thyroid carcinoma, follicular variant (niFV-PTC) and minimally invasive follicular thyroid carcinoma with capsular invasion only (miFTC-CIO) overtreated?An institutional experience
Title of the conference
81. Jahrestagung der Schweizerischen Gesellschaft für Pathologie
Basel, Switzerland, 12.-14. November 2015
Background. Recently several meetings and position papers advocate a change in terminology regarding thyroid neoplasms with indolent behavior, proposing the term "tumor" instead of "carcinoma". This change concerns non-invasive papillary thyroid carcinoma, follicular variant (niFV-PTC) and minimally invasive follicular thyroid carcinoma with capsular invasion only (miFTC-CIO). The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of considering niFV-PTC and miFTC-CIO as lesions of low malignant potential, and to see how this change would influence patient management at our institution. Methods. A 32 months retrospective review of all well differentiated thyroid carcinomas (WDTC) (papillary and follicular carcinomas) diagnosed at our institution was performed, excluding tumors of uncertain malignant potential as well as poorly differentiated and anaplastic carcinomas. We retrieved cases of niFV-PTC and miFTC-CIO, reviewed histological slides to confirm diagnosis and recorded patient treatment. Results. A total of 9 (7.3%) niFV-PTC (4 males and 5 females, aged between 30 and 68 years, mean: 50.8 years old) and 2 (1.6%) cases of miFTC-CIO (2 females, 31 and 51 years old) were identified out of 122 WDTC diagnosed in the study period. The initial treatment consisted in 5 lobectomies and 6 total thyroidectomies (3 because of a compressive goiter, 2 because of a fine-needle aspiration diagnosis of suspicious for papillary thyroid carcinoma and 1 because of a fine-needle aspiration diagnosis of papillary carcinoma). The treatment following the histological diagnosis consisted in 4 thyroidectomy completions among patients who underwent simple lobectomy (4/5, 80%) and 9/11 (82%) radioablations with I131. Conclusions. The incidence of niFV-PTC is low at our institution, probably because we apply strict diagnostic criteria for this lesion. Simple lobectomy with negative margins is the treatment of choice in cases diagnosed as niFV-PTC and miFTC-CIO, due to the indolent course of these neoplasms. All cases with thyroidectomy completions and radioablations could have been avoided. As a consequence, the change of such terminology heavily impacts the malignancy risk evaluated cytologically as well as patients' management.
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