Article: article from journal or magazin.
Adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors achieve prolonged transgene expression in mouse myocardium and arteries in vivo: a comparative study with adenovirus vectors.
International journal of cardiology
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't - Publication Status: ppublish
Plasmid DNA and adenovirus vectors currently used in cardiovascular gene therapy trials are limited by low efficiency and short-lived transgene expression, respectively. Recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV) has recently emerged as an attractive vector for cardiovascular gene therapy. In the present study, we have compared AAV and adenovirus vectors with respect to gene transfer efficiency and the duration of transgene expression in mouse hearts and arteries in vivo. AAV vectors (titer: 5 x 10(8) transducing units (TU)/ml) and adenovirus vectors (1.2 x 10(10) TU/ml) expressing a green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene were injected either intramyocardially (n=32) or intrapericardially (n=3) in CD-1 mice. Hearts were harvested at varying time intervals (3 days to 1 year) after gene delivery. After intramyocardial injection of 5 microl virus stock solution, cardiomyocyte transduction rates with AAV vectors were 4-fold lower than with adenovirus vectors (1.5% (range: 0.5-2.6%) vs. 6.2% (range: 2.7-13.7%); P<0.05), but similar to titer-matched adenovirus vectors (0.7%; range: 0.2-1.2%). AAV-mediated EGFP expression lasted for at least 1 year. AAV vectors instilled into the pericardial space transduced epicardial myocytes. Arterial gene transfer was studied in mouse carotids (n=26). Both vectors selectively transduced endothelial cells after luminal instillation. Transduction rates with AAV vectors were 8-fold lower than with adenovirus vectors (2.0% (range: 0-3.2%) vs. 16.2% (range: 8.5-20.2%); P<0.05). Prolonged EGFP expression was observed after AAV but not adenovirus-mediated gene transfer. In conclusion, AAV vectors deliver and express genes for extended periods of time in the myocardium and arterial endothelium in vivo. AAV vectors may be useful for gene therapy approaches to chronic cardiovascular diseases.
Adenoviridae, Animals, Cells, Cultured, Coronary Vessels, Dependovirus, Gene Expression, Gene Therapy, Gene Transfer Techniques, Genetic Vectors, Mice, Myocardium, Statistics, Nonparametric, Transduction, Genetic, Transgenes
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