Article: article from journal or magazin.
Time course of the neuroprotective effect of transplantation on quinolinic acid-induced lesions of the striatum.
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't ; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. ; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Publication Status: ppublish
Publication Status: ppublish
Injection of quinolinic acid in the rat striatum mimics neurochemical changes observed in Huntington's disease. We previously demonstrated that intrastriatal transplantation of fetal striatum or gelfoam protects against toxicity induced by a subsequent intrastriatal injection of quinolinic acid performed one week later. Herein, we examined whether fetal striatum or sham transplantation provides protection against quinolinic acid that lasts up to four weeks. Intrastriatal quinolinic acid injection produces neuronal loss and gliosis in Nissl staining, loss of cytochrome oxidase histochemical staining, decrease in autoradiographic binding of [3H]SCH 23390-labeled dopamine D1 and [3H]CGS 21680-labeled adenosine A2 receptors, and increase in autoradiographic binding of [3H]PK 11195-labeled peripheral benzodiazepine binding sites. None of these changes was observed in rats transplanted with fetal striatum one, two or four weeks before quinolinic acid injection. In animals transplanted with fetal striatal tissue, Nissl staining showed healthy grafts located in normal appearing striata. Although sham transplantation performed one week before quinolinic acid injection also protected against histological, histochemical and binding changes, sham transplantation performed two or four weeks before quinolinic acid injection was less effective in attenuating quinolinic acid-induced striatal toxicity. Thus, sham transplantation provides transient protection against quinolinic acid-induced striatal toxicity, whereas implantation of tissue such as fetal striatum seems to be required for long-lasting protection. Our study suggests that intracerebral transplantation may also act through other mechanisms than restoration of deficient neurotransmitters or damaged pathways, a finding which may have significant clinical implications in assessing the potential benefit of this approach for the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders such as Huntington's disease.
Adenosine/analogs & derivatives, Adenosine/metabolism, Animals, Autoradiography, Benzazepines/metabolism, Brain Diseases/chemically induced, Brain Diseases/prevention & control, Corpus Striatum/drug effects, Corpus Striatum/embryology, Electron Transport Complex IV/metabolism, Fetal Tissue Transplantation, Isoquinolines/metabolism, Male, Nerve Tissue/transplantation, Phenethylamines/metabolism, Quinolinic Acid/pharmacology, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Receptors, Dopamine D1/metabolism, Receptors, GABA-A/metabolism, Receptors, Purinergic P1/metabolism, Time Factors
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