Article: article from journal or magazin.
Survey of management of first-ever seizures in a hospital based community.
Swiss Medical Weekly
Journal Article --- Old month value: Oct 2
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies focusing on first-ever seizures have been carried out mainly on community based populations. However, since hospital populations may display varying clinical features, we prospectively analysed patients with first-ever seizure in a hospital based community to evaluate prognosis and the role of complementary investigations in the decision to administer antiepileptic drugs (AED). METHODS: Over one year, we recruited 177 consecutive adult patients with a first seizure acutely evaluated in our hospital. During six months' follow-up data relating to AED treatment, recurrence of seizures and death were collected for each patient. RESULTS: Neurological examination was abnormal in 72.3%, neuroimaging in 54.8% and biochemical tests in 57.1%. Electroencephalogram (EEG) showed epileptiform features in 33.9%. Toxicity represented the most common aetiology. AED was prescribed in 51% of patients. Seizure recurrence at six months involved 31.6% of patients completing the follow-up; mortality was 17.8%. Statistical analysis showed that brain CT, EEG and neurological examination are independent predictive factors for AED administration, but only CT scan is associated with outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Patients evaluated acutely for first-ever seizure in a hospital setting have severe underlying clinical conditions apparently related to their relatively poor prognosis. Neuroimaging represents the most important paraclinical test in predicting both treatment administration and outcome.
Adolescent, Adult, Age Distribution, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Anticonvulsants, Female, Hospitalization, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Middle Aged, Prognosis, Prospective Studies, Recurrence, Seizures, Sex Distribution, Switzerland, Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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