Psychiatric symptoms and response quality to self-rated personality tests: Evidence from the PsyCoLaus study.

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: 5_28260642_Postprint.pdf (569.72 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: Author's accepted manuscript
ID Serval
serval:BIB_986F1176C352
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Psychiatric symptoms and response quality to self-rated personality tests: Evidence from the PsyCoLaus study.
Périodique
Psychiatry research
Auteur(s)
Dupuis M., Meier E., Rudaz D., Strippoli M.F., Castelao E., Preisig M., Capel R., Vandeleur C.L.
ISSN
1872-7123 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0165-1781
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
06/2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
252
Pages
118-125
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Despite the fact that research has demonstrated consistent associations between self-rated measures of personality dimensions and mental disorders, little has been undertaken to investigate the relation between psychiatric symptoms and response patterns to self-rated tests. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between psychiatric symptoms and response quality using indices from our functional method. A sample of 1,784 participants from a Swiss population-based cohort completed a personality inventory (NEO-FFI) and a symptom checklist of 90 items (SCL-90-R). Different indices of response quality were calculated based on the responses given to the NEO-FFI. Associations among the responses to indices of response quality, sociodemographic characteristics and the SCL-90-R dimensions were then established. Psychiatric symptoms were associated with several important differences in response quality, questioning subjects' ability to provide valid information using self-rated instruments. As suggested by authors, psychiatric symptoms seem associated with differences in personality scores. Nonetheless, our study shows that symptoms are also related to differences in terms of response patterns as sources of differences in personality scores. This could constitute a bias for clinical assessment. Future studies could still determine whether certain subpopulations of subjects are more unable to provide valid information to self-rated questionnaires than others.

Mots-clé
Adult, Cohort Studies, Diagnostic Self Evaluation, Female, Humans, Male, Mental Disorders/psychology, Middle Aged, Personality, Personality Inventory/statistics & numerical data, Surveys and Questionnaires, Switzerland, Functional method, Personality assessment inventory, Psychiatric symptoms, Response reliability, Response validity, Self-rated questionnaires
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
21/03/2017 11:36
Dernière modification de la notice
27/09/2019 8:54
Données d'usage