"Too complex for me!" Why do performance-approach and performance-avoidance goals predict exam performance?

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Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_9611942012DE.P001.pdf (132.45 [Ko])
Etat: Serval
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_9611942012DE
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
"Too complex for me!" Why do performance-approach and performance-avoidance goals predict exam performance?
Périodique
European Journal of Psychology of Education
Auteur(s)
Darnon C., Butera F., Mugny G., Quiamzade A., & Hulleman C. 
ISSN
0256-2928
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2009
Volume
24
Numéro
4
Pages
423-434
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Classroom research on achievement goals has revealed that performance-approach goals (goals to outperform others) positively predict exam performance whereas performance-avoidance goals (goals not to perform more poorly than others) negatively predict it. Because prior classroom research has primarily utilized multiplechoice exam performance, the first aim of the present study was to extend these findings to a different measure of exam performance (oral examination). The second aim of this research was to test the mediating role of perceived difficulty. Participants were 49 4th year psychology students of the University of Geneva. Participants answered a questionnaire assessing their level of performance-approach and performance-avoidance goal endorsement in one of their classes as well as the perceived difficulty of this class for themselves. Results indicated that performance-approach goals significantly and positively predicted exam grades. Performance-avoidance goals significantly and negatively predicted grades. Both of these relationships were mediated by the perceived difficulty of the class for oneself. Thus, the links previously observed between performance goals and exam performance were replicated on an oral exam. Perceived difficulty is discussed as a key dimension responsible for these findings.
Création de la notice
24/08/2008 23:31
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 19:41
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