PAX6 mutations in Egyptian families with aniridia

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_95992BD599EC
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Sous-type
Abstract (résumé de présentation): article court qui reprend les éléments essentiels présentés à l'occasion d'une conférence scientifique dans un poster ou lors d'une intervention orale.
Collection
Publications
Titre
PAX6 mutations in Egyptian families with aniridia
Titre de la conférence
Investigative ophthalmology and visual science
Auteur(s)
Munier F.L., Abouzeid H., Youssef M.A., ElShakankiri N., Hauser P., Schorderet D.F.
Organisation
ARVO E-Abstract 4109
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2009
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
50
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Methods Ten patients with aniridia from 3 families of Egyptian origin underwent full ophthalmologic, general and neurological examination, and blood drawing. Cerebral MRI was performed in the index case of each family. Genomic DNA was prepared from venous leukocytes and direct sequencing of all the exons and intron-exon junctions of the PAX6 gene was performed after PCR amplification.
Results Common features observed in the three families included absence of iris tissue, corneal pannus with different degrees of severity and foveal hypoplasia with severely reduced visual acuity. In families 2 and 3, additional findings such as lens dislocation, lens opacities or polar cataract and glaucoma were observed. We identified two novel (c.170-174delTGGGC [p.L57fs17] and c.475delC [p.R159fs47]) and one known (c.718C>T) PAX6 mutations in the affected members of the 3 families. Systemic and neurological examination was normal in all ten affected patients. Cerebral MRI showed absence of the pineal gland in all three index patients. Severe hypoplasia of the brain anterior commissure was associated to the p.L57fs17mutation, absence of the posterior commissure to both p.R159fs47 and p.R240X, and optic chiasma atrophy and almost complete agenesis of the corpus callosum to p.R240X.
Conclusions We identified two novel PAX6 mutations in families with severe aniridia from Northern Egypt, an ethnic group which is not well studied. In addition to common phenotype of aniridia and despite normal neurological examination, absence of the pineal gland was observed in all 3 index patients. The heterogeneity of brain anomalies related to PAX6 mutations is underexplored and is highlighted in this study.
Création de la notice
01/02/2010 15:02
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:57
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