Article: article from journal or magazin.
Ubiquitination of the Epstein-Barr virus-encoded latent membrane protein 1 depends on the integrity of the TRAF binding site.
The latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) encoded by the Epstein-Barr virus functions as a constitutively activated receptor of the tumor necrosis factor receptor family. LMP1 is a short-lived protein that is ubiquitinated and degraded by the proteasome. We have previously shown that LMP1 recruits the adapter protein tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 3 (TRAF3) to lipid rafts. To test if TRAFs are involved in LMP1's ubiquitination, we have mutated the LMP1 CTAR1 site that has been identified as a TRAF binding site. We show that the CTAR1 mutant (CTAR1(-)) is expressed after transfection at a similar level to wild-type LMP1, and behaves as wild-type LMP1 with respect to membrane localization. However, CTAR1(-) does not bind TRAF3. We demonstrate that ubiquitination of CTAR1(-) is significantly reduced when compared to wild-type LMP1. In addition, the expression of wild-type LMP1 induces the ubiquitination, an effect that is significantly reduced when the CTAR1(-) is expressed. Taken together, our results suggest that TRAF proteins are involved in the ubiquitination of LMP1, and that their binding to LMP1 may facilitate their own ubiquitination.
Binding Sites, Enzyme Activation, Humans, I-kappa B Kinase, Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism, Proteins/metabolism, TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 3, Ubiquitin/metabolism, Viral Matrix Proteins/chemistry, Viral Matrix Proteins/metabolism
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