Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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IL28B polymorphisms leading to poor response to treatment are associated with low necroinflammatory activity and slow fibrosis progression in HCV genotype non-1-infected patients
Title of the conference
46th Annual Meeting of the European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL)
Berlin, Germany, March 30-April 3, 2011
Journal of Hepatology
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Background and Aims: Genetic polymorphisms near IL28Bhave been associated with spontaneous and treatment-inducedclearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV). This is believed to proceed viathe appropriate activation of innate and adaptive immune responsestargeting infected hepatocytes. Intrahepatic inflammation is thereflection of the host cell immune response, but its relationshipwith IL28B polymorphisms has yet to be fully appreciated.Methods: We analyzed the association of IL28B polymorphismswith Metavir activity (≥1) and fibrosis scores (≥2) in 1114 HCVinfectedCaucasian patients enrolled in the Swiss Hepatitis C CohortStudy (629, 127, 268 and 110 infected with HCV genotype 1, 2, 3and 4, respectively). In a subgroup of 915 patients with an estimateddate of infection, the association between IL28B polymorphismsand fibrosis progression rate (FPR > median) was assessed. Singlenucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of interest were extracted froma dataset generated in a genome-wide association study and/orgenotyped by TaqMan assay. Associations of alleles with differentdegrees of activity and fibrosis were evaluated using an additivemodel of inheritance by multivariate logistic regression, accountingfor all relevant covariates.Results: The rare G allele at marker rs8099917 was associated withlower activity (P = 0.008) and fibrosis (P = 0.01), as well as slower FPR(P = 0.02). Most striking associations were observed among patientsinfected with non-1 genotypes (P = 0.002 for activity, P = 0.002 forfibrosis and P = 0.005 for FPR). In genotype 1-infected patients, theassociation with activity was observed only in the recessive model(P = 0.04), whereas other associations were not significant (P = 0.7for fibrosis and P = 0.4 for FPR).Conclusions: In chronic hepatitis C, IL28B polymorphisms linkedwith a poor virological response to therapy are also associated withreduced intrahepatic necroinflammation and slower liver diseaseprogression. These observations underscore the role played by thehost immune response in clearing HCV, especially in patients withHCV genotypes non-1.
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