Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Clinical usefulness of therapeutic concentration monitoring for imatinib dosage individualization: Results from the randomized controlled I-COME Trial
Title of the conference
11th Congress of the European Association for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (EACPT)
Geneva, Switzerland, August 28-31, 2013
Introduction: Imatinib trough plasma concentrations (Cmin) have been correlated with treatment response in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients. The use of Cmin monitoring for optimizing imatinib dosage (therapeutic drug monitoring [TDM]) is therefore proposed for patients with unsatisfying response or tolerance ("rescue TDM"). A cycle of "routine TDM" for dosage individualization could also be beneficial to prevent unfavorable events, yet its clinical usefulness has not been evaluated. We aimed to assess prospectively whether a "routine TDM" intervention targeting imatinib Cmin of 1000 ng/mL (tolerance, 750-1500 ng/mL) could improve efficacy, tolerance, and persistence on treatment compared with "rescue TDM" use only. Patients (or Materials) and Methods: The Swiss Imatinib COncentration Monitoring Evaluation (I-COME) study was a multicenter randomized controlled trial (ISRCTN31181395). Adult patients in chronic or accelerated phase CML receiving imatinib ≤5 years were eligible. Patients were randomly (1:1) allocated to receive "routine TDM" intervention or to serve as controls with access only to "rescue TDM". All had 1-year follow-up. The primary endpoint was a combined efficacy-safety outcome (failure- and toxicity-free survival without imatinib discontinuation), analyzed in intention-to-treat. Results: Among 56 CML recruited patients, 55 had their molecular and cytogenetic response measured. 14/27 of patients receiving "routine TDM" (52% [33%-71%]) remained event-free versus 16/28 of control patients with "rescue TDM" only (57% [39%-75%]; P=0.69). In the "routine TDM" group, dosage recommendations were adopted entirely in 50% of patients (median Cmin at study end, 895 ng/mL; CV = 33%). These patients had fewer unfavorable events (28% [5%-52%]) compared with patients not receiving the advised dosage (77% [54%-99%]; P = 0.03; median Cmin at study end, 648 ng/mL; CV = 38%). Conclusion: This first prospective target concentration intervention trial could not formally demonstrate a benefit of "routine TDM" of imatinib, especially due to a small patient number and limited prescriber's adherence to dosage recommendations. Nevertheless, the patients receiving the advised dosage more often met target concentrations and the combined outcome (efficacy, tolerance, and persistence). A cycle of routine TDM could thus be favorable, at least in patients eligible for dosage adjustment. Its usefulness should, however, be further confirmed in larger trials.
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