Clinical usefulness of therapeutic concentration monitoring for imatinib dosage individualization: Results from the randomized controlled I-COME Trial


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Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
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Clinical usefulness of therapeutic concentration monitoring for imatinib dosage individualization: Results from the randomized controlled I-COME Trial
Titre de la conférence
11th Congress of the European Association for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (EACPT)
Gotta V., Widmer N., Decosterd L.A., Chalandon Y., Heim D., Benz R., Gregor M., Leoncini-Franscini L., Baerlocher G., Duchosal M., Csajka C., Buclin T.
Geneva, Switzerland, August 28-31, 2013
Statut éditorial
Date de publication
Clinical Therapeutics
Introduction: Imatinib trough plasma concentrations (Cmin) have been correlated with treatment response in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients. The use of Cmin monitoring for optimizing imatinib dosage (therapeutic drug monitoring [TDM]) is therefore proposed for patients with unsatisfying response or tolerance ("rescue TDM"). A cycle of "routine TDM" for dosage individualization could also be beneficial to prevent unfavorable events, yet its clinical usefulness has not been evaluated. We aimed to assess prospectively whether a "routine TDM" intervention targeting imatinib Cmin of 1000 ng/mL (tolerance, 750-1500 ng/mL) could improve efficacy, tolerance, and persistence on treatment compared with "rescue TDM" use only. Patients (or Materials) and Methods: The Swiss Imatinib COncentration Monitoring Evaluation (I-COME) study was a multicenter randomized controlled trial (ISRCTN31181395). Adult patients in chronic or accelerated phase CML receiving imatinib ≤5 years were eligible. Patients were randomly (1:1) allocated to receive "routine TDM" intervention or to serve as controls with access only to "rescue TDM". All had 1-year follow-up. The primary endpoint was a combined efficacy-safety outcome (failure- and toxicity-free survival without imatinib discontinuation), analyzed in intention-to-treat. Results: Among 56 CML recruited patients, 55 had their molecular and cytogenetic response measured. 14/27 of patients receiving "routine TDM" (52% [33%-71%]) remained event-free versus 16/28 of control patients with "rescue TDM" only (57% [39%-75%]; P=0.69). In the "routine TDM" group, dosage recommendations were adopted entirely in 50% of patients (median Cmin at study end, 895 ng/mL; CV = 33%). These patients had fewer unfavorable events (28% [5%-52%]) compared with patients not receiving the advised dosage (77% [54%-99%]; P = 0.03; median Cmin at study end, 648 ng/mL; CV = 38%). Conclusion: This first prospective target concentration intervention trial could not formally demonstrate a benefit of "routine TDM" of imatinib, especially due to a small patient number and limited prescriber's adherence to dosage recommendations. Nevertheless, the patients receiving the advised dosage more often met target concentrations and the combined outcome (efficacy, tolerance, and persistence). A cycle of routine TDM could thus be favorable, at least in patients eligible for dosage adjustment. Its usefulness should, however, be further confirmed in larger trials.
Création de la notice
23/08/2013 14:03
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 19:39
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