Procedures and Frequencies of Embalming and Heart Extractions in Modern Period in Brittany. Contribution to the Evolution of Ritual Funerary in Europe.

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: pmid28030554.pdf (5334.92 [Ko])
Etat: Serval
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_93FCBF0794A6
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Procedures and Frequencies of Embalming and Heart Extractions in Modern Period in Brittany. Contribution to the Evolution of Ritual Funerary in Europe.
Périodique
PloS one
Auteur(s)
Colleter R., Dedouit F., Duchesne S., Mokrane F.Z., Gendrot V., Gérard P., Dabernat H., Crubézy É., Telmon N.
ISSN
1932-6203 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1932-6203
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
11
Numéro
12
Pages
e0167988
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish

Résumé
The evolution of funeral practices from the Middle Ages through the Modern era in Europe is generally seen as a process of secularization. The study, through imaging and autopsy, of two mummies, five lead urns containing hearts, and more than six hundred skeletons of nobles and clergymen from a Renaissance convent in Brittany has led us to reject this view. In addition to exceptional embalming, we observed instances in which hearts alone had been extracted, a phenomenon that had never before been described, and brains alone as well, and instances in which each spouse's heart had been placed on the other's coffin. In some identified cases we were able to establish links between the religious attitudes of given individuals and either ancient Medieval practices or more modern ones generated by the Council of Trent. All of these practices, which were a function of social status, were rooted in religion. They offer no evidence of secularization whatsoever.

Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
03/01/2017 18:44
Dernière modification de la notice
08/05/2019 22:12
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