Article: article from journal or magazin.
Altered expression of proteins of metabolic regulation during remodeling of the left ventricle after myocardial infarction.
Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Non-infarcted myocardium after coronary occlusion undergoes progressive morphological and functional changes. The purpose of this study was to determine whether non-infarcted myocardium exhibits (1) alteration of the substrate pattern of myocardial metabolism and (2) concomitant changes in the expression of regulatory proteins of glucose and fatty acid metabolism. Myocardial infarction was induced in rats by ligation of the left coronary artery. One day and eight weeks after coronary occlusion, glucose and palmitate oxidation were measured. Expression of selected proteins of metabolism were determined one day to 12 weeks after infarction. One day after coronary occlusion no difference of glucose and palmitate oxidation was detectable, whereas after eight weeks, glucose oxidation was increased (+84%, P<0.05) and palmitate oxidation did not change significantly (-19%, P=0.07) in infarct-containing hearts, compared with hearts from sham-operated rats. One day after coronary occlusion, myocardial mRNA expression of the glucose transporter GLUT-1 was increased (+86%, P<0.05) and the expression of GLUT-4 was decreased (-28%, P<0.05) in surviving myocardium of infarct-containing hearts. Protein level of GLUT-1 was increased (+81%, P<0.05) and that of GLUT-4 slightly, but not significantly, decreased (-16%, P=NS). mRNA expressions of heart fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP), and of medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD), were decreased by 36% (P<0.05) and 35% (P=0. 07), respectively. Eight weeks after acute infarction, the left ventricle was hypertrophied and, at this time-point, there was no difference in the expression of GLUT-1 and GLUT-4 between infarcted and sham-operated hearts. However, myocardial mRNA and protein content of MCAD were decreased by 30% (P<0.01) and 27% (P<0.05), respectively. In summary, in surviving myocardium, glucose oxidation was increased eight weeks after coronary occlusion. Concomitantly, mRNA and protein expression of MCAD were decreased, compatible with a role of altered expression of regulatory proteins of metabolism in post-infarction modification of myocardial metabolism.
Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase, Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenases/biosynthesis, Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenases/genetics, Animals, Carrier Proteins/biosynthesis, Carrier Proteins/genetics, Energy Metabolism/genetics, Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins, Gene Expression Regulation, Glucose/metabolism, Glucose Transporter Type 1, Glucose Transporter Type 4, Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/etiology, Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/genetics, Male, Monosaccharide Transport Proteins/biosynthesis, Monosaccharide Transport Proteins/genetics, Muscle Proteins/biosynthesis, Muscle Proteins/genetics, Myocardial Infarction/complications, Myocardial Infarction/metabolism, Neoplasm Proteins, Nerve Tissue Proteins, Palmitates/metabolism, RNA, Messenger/biosynthesis, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Ventricular Remodeling/genetics
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