Article: article from journal or magazin.
Par-delà le "Röstigraben": L'électorat Suisse partagé face à l'UE
Revue suisse d'économie et de statistique / Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Volkswirtschaft und Statistik / Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics
This paper analyses the EEA and bilateral agreements vote results at the 3025 community level of the Swiss Confederation by simultaneously modelling the vote and the participation decisions. Regressions include economic and political factors. The economic variables are the aggregated shares of people employed in the losing, winning and neutral sectors, according to BRUNETTI, JAGGI and WEDER (1998) classification, which follows Ricardo-Viner logic, and the average education levels, which follows a Heckscher-Ohlin approach. The political factors are those used in the recent literature. The results are extremely precise and consistent. Most of the variables have the predicted sign and are significant at the 1 % level. More than 80 % of the communities' vote variance is explained by the model, substantially reducing the residuals when compared to former studies. The policital variables do have the expected sign and are significant as well. Our results underline the importance of the interaction between electoral choice and participation decisions as well as the importance of simultaneously dealing with those issues. Eventually they reveal the electorate high level of information and rationality.
Switzerland, voting, integration, European Union
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