Article: article from journal or magazin.
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Associations chimioradiothérapie chez les patientes atteintes d'un carcinome du col utérin [Concomitant chemoradiation in patients with cervix cancer].
Bulletin du Cancer
Publication types: English Abstract ; Journal Article ; Review Publication Status: ppublish
Cervical cancer is the 2nd most common cancer among women, behind breast cancer. Concomitant chemoradiation has been assessed in more than 15 randomised clinical trials. A meta-analysis for overall survival showed a statistically significant difference in favour of chemoradiotherapy: relative risk (RR) = 1.20, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.14-1.26, p < 0.001, p hetero = 0.21). Disease-free survival was also statistically significantly higher in favour of chemoradiotherapy: RR = 1.26, 95%CI = 1.17-1.35, p < 0.001). The benefit was more pronounced in trials including a higher proportion of stage I and II patients. Concomitant chemoradiotherapy showed a significant benefit for both local control and distant metastasis. Gastrointestinal and haematological toxicities were significantly more frequent in the chemoradiotherapy group. Details of late toxicity were sparse and therefore it was not possible to conclude on an increase of late complication rate with concomitant chemoradiotherapy. The inclusion criteria were not the same in all the trials, resulting in populations with varying distributions in disease stages. In addition, the treatment schemas for both radiotherapy and chemotherapy used in these trials were different. These results were obtained with chemotherapy based on various molecules, including cisplatin, either alone or with other cytotoxic drugs, such as 5-fluorouracil. For a similar level of benefit, the combination of cisplatin, 5-fluorouracil and hydroxyurea was more toxic than cisplatin alone in one trial in which the two protocols were compared. Future randomised trials should also aim to establish optimal chemotherapy regimens for combination with radiotherapy.
Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use, Cisplatin/therapeutic use, Combined Modality Therapy/methods, Female, Humans, Lymphatic Metastasis/radiotherapy, Radiation-Sensitizing Agents/therapeutic use, Radiotherapy Dosage, Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic, Treatment Outcome, Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/drug therapy, Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/radiotherapy
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