Article: article from journal or magazin.
Pure monoparesis: a particular stroke subgroup?
Archives of neurology
Publication types: Journal Article - Publication Status: ppublish
BACKGROUND: Acute stroke presenting as monoparesis is rare, with a pure motor deficit in the arm or leg extending to an isolated facial paresis. OBJECTIVE: To raise the question if acute stroke presenting as monoparesis is a different entity from stroke with a more extensive motor deficit. PATIENTS: In the Lausanne Stroke Registry (1979-2000), 195 (4.1%) of 4802 patients met the clinical criteria for pure monoparesis involving the face (22%), arm (63%), or leg (15%). RESULTS: In the vast majority of cases (> 95%), monoparesis corresponded to ischemic stroke with a favorable outcome, with initial computed tomography scans or magnetic resonance images showing no signs of hemorrhage. The lesion for a facial deficit was most frequently located subcortically (internal capsule); for an arm deficit, in the superficial middle cerebral artery; and for a leg deficit, in the anterior cerebral artery territory. In pure monoparesis, only 17% of the patients had more than 1 risk factor as compared with 26% of those with bimodal and trimodal hemiparesis and with 46% of all patients with stroke other than those with pure motor stroke. The only frequent risk factor was hypertension (53%); however, this frequency was no different from that in other patients with stroke. No major stroke etiology could be identified in any of the 3 subgroups of monoparesis. CONCLUSION: Our finding of a wide range of stroke localization and etiology in monoparesis without any particular subgroup suggests that no specific plan of investigation can be recommended for these patients.
Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Anterior Cerebral Artery, Arm, Brain Ischemia, Face, Female, Humans, Hypertension, Internal Capsule, Leg, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Middle Aged, Middle Cerebral Artery, Paresis, Risk Factors, Stroke, Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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