Article: article from journal or magazin.
T-wave alternans for risk stratification and prevention of sudden cardiac death.
Current Cardiology Reports
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't ; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. ; Review
Despite considerable progress in the management of ischemic heart disease, a substantial proportion of patients continue to experience life-threatening arrhythmic events. The Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial 2 has recently shown the superiority of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) over conventional strategies to prevent sudden death in patients with reduced ejection fraction, but at the expense of potentially unnecessary ICD implantation in a large percentage of patients. T-wave alternans (TWA), which reflects alternation of cellular repolarization, results in a substantial increase in dispersion of repolarization, a prerequisite for reentrant arrhythmias. Recent trials, cumulating close to 3000 patients, have established TWA analysis as a powerful tool for arrhythmia prevention. Based on the most recent estimates, at least one third of post-myocardial infarction patients are expected to be tested negative. With a negative predictive value greater than 90%, TWA might allow for targeting of patients most likely to benefit from ICD therapy. Accurate identification of high-risk patients by noninvasive TWA may allow for improved widespread screening for sudden death prevention in the general population.
Arrhythmias, Cardiac/epidemiology, Arrhythmias, Cardiac/physiopathology, Death, Sudden, Cardiac/epidemiology, Death, Sudden, Cardiac/etiology, Defibrillators, Implantable, Disease Progression, Electrocardiography, Heart Rate/physiology, Humans, Incidence, Risk Factors, United States/epidemiology
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