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Triiodothyronine stimulation of oligodendroglial differentiation and myelination. A developmental study.
The biochemical development of rotation-mediated aggregating brain cell cultures was studied in a serum-free chemically defined medium in the presence (complete medium) or the absence of triiodothyronine (T3). The expression of 2',3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphodiesterase (CNP) and myelin basic protein (MBP), two myelin components, was temporally dissociated in brain cell aggregating cultures grown in a complete medium. CNP increased from day 8 and reached a plateau around day 25. MBP accumulated rapidly from the third until the fourth week in culture. The total protein content increased gradually until day 25. The activity of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) used as an index of cell growth and differentiation, showed two well-defined peaks of activity. The first peak reached a maximum at day 6 and correlated with both the highest DNA content and the peak of [3H]-thymidine incorporation. The second peak of ODC activity (from day 19 to 35) coincided with the differentiation of oligodendrocytes. These results confirm that aggregating fetal rat brain cells cultured in a serum-free chemically defined medium undergo extensive differentiation. Addition of T3 to the culture medium doubled the CNP activity by day 16. In contrast, MBP was only slightly increased by day 16, reaching at 25 and 35 days 8 to 10-fold higher values than the untreated cultures. When T3 was removed between day 16 and 25, CNP decreased almost to control values and MBP failed to accumulate. Moreover, when T3 was reintroduced into the medium (between day 25 and 35), CNP activity was restored and MBP content was partially corrected. T3 treatment produced a concentration-dependent increase in ODC activity which was observed only around day 19. The first peak of ODC activity observed at culture day 6 was independent of the presence of T3. These results obtained in brain cell cultures emphasize the direct effect of T3 on myelination.
2',3'-Cyclic Nucleotide 3'-Phosphodiesterase, 2',3'-Cyclic-Nucleotide Phosphodiesterases/metabolism, Animals, Brain, Cell Differentiation/drug effects, Cells, Cultured, DNA/biosynthesis, Fetus, Humans, Myelin Basic Protein/analysis, Myelin Sheath/drug effects, Neuroglia/drug effects, Oligodendroglia/drug effects, Ornithine Decarboxylase/metabolism, Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains, Triiodothyronine/pharmacology
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