Appropriateness of use of infliximab in the Swiss IBD Cohort Study

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_90E78D840BB6
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Sous-type
Abstract (résumé de présentation): article court qui reprend les éléments essentiels présentés à l'occasion d'une conférence scientifique dans un poster ou lors d'une intervention orale.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Appropriateness of use of infliximab in the Swiss IBD Cohort Study
Titre de la conférence
GASTRO 2009
Auteur(s)
Juillerat P, Vader JP, Felley C, Pittet V, Gonvers JJ, Mottet C, Bemelman WA, Lémann M, Oresland T, Michetti P, Froehlich F
ISBN
0017-5749
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
11/2009
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
59
Série
Gut
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Introduction: Anti-TNFs have significantly improved the management of Crohn's disease (CD), but not all patients will benefit from this therapy. We used data from the Swiss IBD Cohort Study (SIBDCS) and preset appropriateness criteria to examine the appropriateness of use of infliximab (IFX) in CD patients.
aims & methods: EPACT II (European Panel on the Appropriateness of Crohn's disease Therapy) appropriateness criteria (www.epact.ch) have been developed by a formal panel process combining evidence from the published literature and expert opinion (end 2007), yielding 3 categories of indications: appropriate, uncertain, and inappropriate. Enrolment and follow-up of all SIBDCS patients were achieved with questionnaires relating to EPACT II criteria. Patients could correspond to several clinical categories; pregnant patients or those with stenosing disease could not be assessed using EPACT II criteria. A step-by-step analysis based on frequency allowed identification of the most appropriate indication for IFX in a given patient.
results: 822 CD patients were included between November 2006 and March 2009. 146 patients (18%) were on IFX at inclusion (130 maintenance of remission, 16 new treatments). At inclusion, and in comparison with non-IFX treated patients, patients on infliximab were more frequently female (56% vs 51%), younger at diagnosis (27.4 years old vs 30.4) and had a slightly shorter disease duration (10.3 years vs 11.7). Disease extension was greater in these patients, who were mainly treated in university centres (83% vs 72%). IFX therapy was considered appropriate in 47%, uncertain in 36% and inappropriate in 18 % of patients (6% of situations could not be assessed).
conclusion: In this cohort, most indications (47%) for IFX therapy were appropriate. Uncertain or inappropriate indications were mostly due to complex patient characteristics (e.g. complex fistulas, history of multiple drug-failures), which reflect the broad use of IFX in clinical practice. Cohort studies are well suited to evaluating the implementation of new scientific evidence in clinical practice.
Création de la notice
03/02/2010 13:36
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 19:26
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