Socially Desirable Responding : Enhancement and Denial in 20 countries

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_908B508BC3F6
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Socially Desirable Responding : Enhancement and Denial in 20 countries
Périodique
Cross-Cultural Research
Auteur(s)
He J., van de Vijver F.J.R., Dominguez Espinosa A., Abubakar A., Dimitrova R., Adams B.G., Aydinli A., Atitsogbe K., Alonso-Arbiol I., Bobowik M., Fischer R., Jordanov V., Mastrotheodoros S., Neto F., Ponizovsky Y.J., Reb J., Sim S., Sovet L., Stefenel D., Suryani A.O., Tair E., Villieux A.
ISSN
1069-3971 (Print)
1552-3578 (Online)
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
07/2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
49
Numéro
3
Pages
227-249
Langue
anglais
Résumé
This article investigated the dimensionality, measurement invariance, and cross-cultural variations of social desirability. A total of 3,471 university students from 20 countries completed an adapted version of the Marlowe-Crowne scale. A two-dimensional structure was revealed in the pooled sample, distinguishing enhancement (endorsement of positive self-description) and denial (rejection of negative self-description). The factor structure was supported in most countries; medium-sized item bias was found in two denial items. In a multilevel analysis, we found that (a) there was more cross-cultural variation in denial than enhancement; (b) females tended to score higher on enhancement whereas males tended to score higher on denial; (c) the Human Development Index, an indicator of country socioeconomic development, was the best (negative) predictor of denial; and (d) both enhancement and denial seemed to be associated with country-level values and personality pertinent to "fitting in." We conclude that social desirability has a positive and a negative impression management dimension that are meaningfully associated with country-level characteristics, and we argue that social desirability is better interpreted as culturally regulated response amplification.
Mots-clé
social desirability, cultures, values, personality, multilevel analysis
Création de la notice
22/10/2015 13:44
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:54
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