Article: article from journal or magazin.
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Regulatory circuits of T cell function in cancer.
Nature Reviews. Immunology
Recent progress in cancer immunotherapy emphasizes the importance of understanding immune-regulatory pathways in tumours. Dysfunction of antitumour T cells may be due to mechanisms that are evolutionarily conserved or acquired by somatic mutations. The dysfunctional state of T cells has been termed 'exhaustion', on the basis of similarities to dysfunctional T cells in chronic infections. However, despite shared properties, recent studies have identified marked differences between T cell dysfunction in cancer and chronic infection. In this Review, we discuss T cell-intrinsic molecular alterations and metabolic communication in the tumour microenvironment. Identification of the underlying molecular drivers of T cell dysfunction is essential for the continued progress of cancer research and therapy.
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