A comparison of indices of glucose metabolism in five black populations: data from modeling the epidemiologic transition study (METS).

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Etat: Serval
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_8F0E347E8CBF
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
A comparison of indices of glucose metabolism in five black populations: data from modeling the epidemiologic transition study (METS).
Périodique
Bmc Public Health
Auteur(s)
Atiase Y., Farni K., Plange-Rhule J., Luke A., Bovet P., Forrester T.G., Lambert V., Levitt N.S., Kliethermes S., Cao G., Durazo-Arvizu R.A., Cooper R.S., Dugas L.R.
ISSN
1471-2458 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1471-2458
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
15
Numéro
1
Pages
895
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Publication Status: epublish
Résumé
BACKGROUND: Globally, Africans and African Americans experience a disproportionate burden of type 2 diabetes, compared to other race and ethnic groups. The aim of the study was to examine the association of plasma glucose with indices of glucose metabolism in young adults of African origin from 5 different countries.
METHODS: We identified participants from the Modeling the Epidemiologic Transition Study, an international study of weight change and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in five populations of African origin: USA (US), Jamaica, Ghana, South Africa, and Seychelles. For the current study, we included 667 participants (34.8 ± 6.3 years), with measures of plasma glucose, insulin, leptin, and adiponectin, as well as moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA, minutes/day [min/day]), daily sedentary time (min/day), anthropometrics, and body composition.
RESULTS: Among the 282 men, body mass index (BMI) ranged from 22.1 to 29.6 kg/m(2) in men and from 25.8 to 34.8 kg/m(2) in 385 women. MVPA ranged from 26.2 to 47.1 min/day in men, and from 14.3 to 27.3 min/day in women and correlated with adiposity (BMI, waist size, and % body fat) only among US males after controlling for age. Plasma glucose ranged from 4.6 ± 0.8 mmol/L in the South African men to 5.8 mmol/L US men, while the overall prevalence for diabetes was very low, except in the US men and women (6.7 and 12 %, respectively). Using multivariate linear regression, glucose was associated with BMI, age, sex, smoking hypertension, daily sedentary time but not daily MVPA.
CONCLUSION: Obesity, metabolic risk, and other potential determinants vary significantly between populations at differing stages of the epidemiologic transition, requiring tailored public health policies to address local population characteristics.
Mots-clé
Adipokines/blood, Adult, African Americans, African Continental Ancestry Group, Blood Glucose/metabolism, Body Composition, Body Mass Index, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/blood, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology, Epidemiologic Studies, Exercise, Female, Humans, Hypertension/blood, Insulin/blood, Internationality, Male, Obesity/blood, Obesity/complications, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Sedentary Lifestyle, Smoking/blood, Social Class, Waist Circumference
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
13/10/2015 18:56
Dernière modification de la notice
08/05/2019 21:54
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