Article: article from journal or magazin.
An orally active anti-apoptotic molecule (CGP 3466B) preserves mitochondria and enhances survival in an animal model of motoneuron disease.
British journal of pharmacology
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Publication Status: ppublish
Apoptosis and mitochondrial dysfunction are thought to be involved in the aetiology of neurodegenerative diseases. We have tested an orally active anti-apoptotic molecule (CGP 3466B) that binds to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) in an animal model with motoneuron degeneration, i.e. a mouse mutant with progressive motor neuronopathy (pmn). In pmn/pmn mice, CGP 3466B was administered orally (10 - 100 nmol kg(-1)) at the onset of the clinical symptoms (2 weeks after birth). CGP 3466B slowed disease progression as determined by a 57% increase in life-span, preservation of body weight and motor performance. This improvement was accompanied by a decreased loss of motoneurons and motoneuron fibres as well as an increase in retrograde transport. Electron microscopic analysis showed that CGP 3466B protects mitochondria which appear to be selectively disrupted in the motoneurons of pmn/pmn mice. The data support evaluation of CGP 3466B as a potential treatment for motor neuron disease.
Administration, Oral, Animals, Apoptosis/drug effects, Disease Models, Animal, Glial Cell Line-Derived Neurotrophic Factor, Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases/metabolism, Mice, Mitochondria/drug effects, Motor Neuron Disease/drug therapy, Motor Neuron Disease/mortality, Motor Neurons/drug effects, Nerve Growth Factors, Nerve Tissue Proteins/pharmacology, Oxepins/pharmacology, Weight Loss/drug effects
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