Air contaminants in different European farming environments.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_8ECCAD903FAF
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Air contaminants in different European farming environments.
Périodique
Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine
Auteur(s)
Radon K., Danuser Brigitta, Iversen M., Monso E., Weber C., Hartung J., Donham K., Palmgren U., Nowak D.
ISSN
1232-1966 (Print)
ISSN-L
1232-1966
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2002
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
9
Numéro
1
Pages
41-48
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Farmers are known to be at high risk from the development of occupational airway disease. The first stage of the European farmers' study has shown that pig farmers in Denmark and Germany, poultry farmers in Switzerland and greenhouse workers in Spain were at highest risk for work-related respiratory symptoms. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine exposure levels at relevant farm workplaces. Dust and endotoxin levels as well as microbiological concentrations were determined in 213 crop and animal farming environments by personal sampling. The highest total dust concentrations were found in poultry houses in Switzerland with median concentrations of 7.01 mg/m(3). The median airborne endotoxin concentrations in total dust ranged between 0.36 ng/m(3) in Spanish greenhouses and 257.58 ng/m(3) in poultry houses in Switzerland. Likewise, the highest median concentrations of total (2.0 x (7) cells/m(3)) and active fungi (4.4 x (5) cfu/m(3)) have been found in Swiss poultry houses. The predominant fungus taxa discovered in poultry houses were Eurotium spp. and thermophilic fungi. Cladosporium and Botrytis were mainly detected in greenhouses. The exposure level found in this study might put the farmers at risk from respiratory diseases.
Mots-clé
Agriculture, Air Microbiology, Air Pollutants, Occupational/adverse effects, Animals, Colony Count, Microbial, Dust/adverse effects, Endotoxins/adverse effects, Housing, Animal, Humans, Occupational Diseases/etiology, Poultry, Respiratory Tract Diseases/etiology, Swine,
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
11/08/2011 12:41
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 19:19
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