Article: article from journal or magazin.
Atrial natriuretic peptide administered as intravenous infusion or bolus injection to patients with liver cirrhosis and ascites.
Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't - Publication Status: ppublish
The effect of a synthetic atrial natriuretic peptide (h-ANP, 25 amino acids, Wy-47.663) on blood pressure, renal electrolyte excretion, plasma catecholamines, and plasma renin activity was studied in nine patients with cirrhosis of the liver and ascites. The peptide was infused intravenously at 24-h intervals for 2 h in groups of four patients each in two different doses (0.015 and 0.075 micrograms/kg/min or 0.06 and 0.3 micrograms/kg/min). A control experiment with the vehicle was performed in all patients. In three patients h-ANP (1 and 2 micrograms/kg i.v.) was administered as an intravenous bolus injection. Consistent falls in blood pressure were observed during h-ANP infusion only with the two higher doses. The two lower infused doses induced a consistent natriuresis; this renal response was abolished when the two larger doses were used. When given as a bolus, h-ANP had a natriuretic effect comparable to that of the two lower doses of infused h-ANP. Plasma catecholamines and plasma renin activity increased during infusion of the two higher doses of h-ANP. It thus appears that in patients with cirrhosis and ascites, the natriuretic effect of infused h-ANP decreases rather than increases when the doses are raised. Bolus administration of h-ANP may be less prone to trigger counterbalancing responses and side-effects.
Adult, Atrial Natriuretic Factor, Blood Pressure, Catecholamines, Electrolytes, Female, Heart Rate, Hematocrit, Hormones, Humans, Infusions, Intravenous, Liver Cirrhosis, Male, Middle Aged
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