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Isolation and characterization of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) extracted from normal human colon mucosa.
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) was identified in perchloric acid (PCA)_extract from normal colon mucosa by 2 immunological criteria: a line of identity in double diffusion and a parallel inhibition curve in radioimmunoassay (RIA), both with reference colon carcinoma-CEA (CEA-Tu). The average concentration of CEA in normal colon mucosa (CEA-No) was 35 times lower than in primary large bowel carcinomas and 230 times lower than in metastatic colon or rectum carcinomas. CEA-No was purified from PCA extracts of normal colon mucosa by Sephadex G-200 filtration and immunoadsorbent columns. Purified CEA-No had quatitatively the same inhibition activity in RIA as the British Standard CEA coded 73/601. Purified CEA-No was labelled with 125I. The percentage of binding of labelled CEA-No to a specific goat anti-CEA-Tu antiserum was similar to that of CEA-Tu. Labelled CEA-No could be used as radioactive tracer in RIA as well as labelled CEA-Tu. The physico-chemical properties of purified CEA-Tu as demonstrated by Sepharose 6 B filtration, SDS Polyacrylamide gel analysis and cesium chloride density gradient, were found to be almost identical to those of reference CEA-Tu. Preliminary results showed that CEA-No and CEA-Tu contained the same types of carbohydrates in similar proportions. A rabbit antiserum against CEA-No was obtained which demonstrated the same specificity as conventional anti-CEA-Tu antisera.
Carcinoembryonic Antigen/isolation & purification, Colon/immunology, Colonic Neoplasms/immunology, Humans, Immune Sera, Immunosorbent Techniques, Mucous Membrane/immunology, Radioimmunoassay
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