Newborn screening for cystic fibrosis in Switzerland--consequences after analysis of a 4 months pilot study.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_8DF944B53B7E
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Newborn screening for cystic fibrosis in Switzerland--consequences after analysis of a 4 months pilot study.
Périodique
Journal of Cystic Fibrosis
Auteur(s)
Torresani T., Fingerhut R., Rueegg C.S., Gallati S., Kuehni C.E., Baumgartner M.R., Barben J.
Collaborateur(s)
Swiss CF Screening Group
Contributeur(s)
Barazzone C., Casaulta C., Mornand A., Eng P., Hafen G., Hammer J., Möller A., Müller D., Regamey N., Rochat I., Schiller B., Schöni MH., Spinas R., Spalinger J., Trachsel D., Zanolari M.
ISSN
1569-1993; 1873-5010 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1569-1993
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
12/2013
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
12
Numéro
6
Pages
667-674
Langue
anglais
Résumé
BACKGROUND: Switzerland introduced newborn screening (NBS) for CF in 2011, using an IRT/DNA/IRT protocol. This paper describes the results of the first year and compares two versions of the protocol with different IRT cut-offs, particularly effects on recall rate, sensitivity and specificity.
METHODS: IRT cut-offs were >45 ng/ml (99.0th percentile) in period 1 (months 1-4) and >50 ng/ml (99.2nd percentile) in period 2 (months 5-12). In period 2 we abstained from recalls when none of the 7 most common CF mutations were detected and IRT was <60 ng/ml.
RESULTS: In periods 1 and 2, 26,535 and 56,663 tests were performed. Recall rates were 0.94% and 0.48%, respectively (p<0.001), PPV increased from 23% to 47% (p=0.024) and sensitivity was 90% and 100%.
CONCLUSIONS: Raising initial IRT cut-off from the 99.0th to the 99.2nd percentile and abstaining from recalls for children with an IRT<60 ng/ml and carrying no major CFTR mutation significantly reduced the recall rate without affecting sensitivity.
Mots-clé
Algorithms, Cystic Fibrosis/genetics, Cystic Fibrosis/prevention & control, Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator/genetics, DNA Mutational Analysis, Humans, Infant, Newborn, Neonatal Screening, Pilot Projects, Sensitivity and Specificity, Sweat/chemistry, Switzerland, Trypsinogen/blood
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
13/12/2013 15:08
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 19:17
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