Work motivation and pro-social behavior in the delivery of public services : theoretical and empirical insights

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ID Serval
serval:BIB_8D83E0331C90
Type
Thèse: thèse de doctorat.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Work motivation and pro-social behavior in the delivery of public services : theoretical and empirical insights
Auteur(s)
Acatrinei N.
Directeur(s)
Athias L.
Institution
Université de Lausanne, Faculté de droit et des sciences criminelles
Adresse
Faculté de droit et des sciences criminellesUniversité de LausanneCH-1015 LausanneSUISSE
Statut éditorial
Acceptée
Date de publication
2014
Langue
anglais
Nombre de pages
344
Résumé
This Ph.D. dissertation seeks to study the work motivation of employees in the delivery of public services. The questioning on work motivation in public services in not new but it becomes central for governments which are now facing unprecedented public debts.
The objective of this research is twofold :
First, we want to see if the work motivation of employees in public services is a continuum (intrinsic and extrinsic motivations cannot coexist) or a bi-dimensional construct (intrinsic and extrinsic motivations coexist simultaneously).
The research in public administration literature has focused on the concept of public service motivation, and considered motivation to be uni-dimensional (Perry and Hondeghem 2008). However, no study has yet tackled both types of motivation, the intrinsic and extrinsic ones, in the same time. This dissertation proposes, in Part I, a theoretical assessment and an empirical test of a global work motivational structure, by using a self-constructed Swiss dataset with employees from three public services, the education sector, the security sector and the public administrative services sector.
Our findings suggest that work motivation in public services in not uni-dimensional but bi-dimensional, the intrinsic and extrinsic motivations coexist simultaneously and can be positively correlated (Amabile et al. 1994). Our findings show that intrinsic motivation is as important as extrinsic motivation, thus, the assumption that employees in public services are less attracted by extrinsic rewards is not confirmed for this sample. Other important finding concerns the public service motivation concept, which, as theoretically predicted, represents the major motivational dimension of employees in the delivery of public services.
Second, the theory of public service motivation makes the assumption that employees in public services engage in activities that go beyond their self-interest, but never uses this construct as a determinant for their pro-social behavior.
In the same time, several studies (Gregg et al. 2011 and Georgellis et al. 2011) bring evidence about the pro-social behavior of employees in public services. However, they do not identify which type of motivation is at the origin of this behavior, they only make the assumption of an intrinsically motivated behavior.
We analyze the pro-social behavior of employees in public services and use the public service motivation as determinant of their pro-social behavior. We add other determinants highlighted by the theory of pro-social behavior (Bénabou and Tirole 2006), by Le Grand (2003) and by fit theories (Besley and Ghatak 2005). We test these determinants on Part II and identify for each sector of activity the positive or the negative impact on pro-social behavior of Swiss employees.
Contrary to expectations, we find, for this sample, that both intrinsic and extrinsic factors have a positive impact on pro-social behavior, no crowding-out effect is identified in this sample. We confirm the hypothesis of Le Grand (2003) about the positive impact of the opportunity cost on pro-social behavior. Our results suggest a mix of action-oriented altruism and out-put oriented altruism of employees in public services.
These results are relevant when designing incentives schemes for employees in the delivery of public services.
Mots-clé
intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, public service motivation, pro-social behavior, delivery of public services, incentives.
Création de la notice
01/12/2014 12:34
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 19:16
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