Long-term Immune Response to Yellow Fever Vaccination in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-Infected Individuals Depends on HIV RNA Suppression Status: Implications for Vaccination Schedule.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_8CD1FBD6BDA7
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Long-term Immune Response to Yellow Fever Vaccination in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-Infected Individuals Depends on HIV RNA Suppression Status: Implications for Vaccination Schedule.
Périodique
Clinical infectious diseases
Auteur(s)
Veit O., Domingo C., Niedrig M., Staehelin C., Sonderegger B., Héquet D., Stoeckle M., Calmy A., Schiffer V., Bernasconi E., Flury D., Hatz C., Zwahlen M., Furrer H.
Collaborateur(s)
Swiss HIV Cohort Study
Contributeur(s)
Anagnostopoulos A., Battegay M., Bernasconi E., Böni J., Braun D.L., Bucher H.C., Calmy A., Cavassini M., Ciuffi A., Dollenmaier G., Egger M., Elzi L., Fehr J., Fellay J., Furrer H., Fux C.A., Günthard H.F., Haerry D., Hasse B., Hirsch H.H., Hoffmann M., Hösli I., Huber M., Kahlert C., Kaiser L., Keiser O., Klimkait T., Kouyos R.D., Kovari H., Ledergerber B., Martinetti G., Martinez de Tejada B., Marzolini C., Metzner K.J., Müller N., Nicca D., Paioni P., Pantaleo G., Perreau M., Rauch A., Rudin C., Scherrer A.U., Schmid P., Speck R., Stöckle M., Tarr P., Trkola A., Vernazza P., Wandeler G., Weber R., Yerly S.
ISSN
1537-6591 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1058-4838
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
19/03/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
66
Numéro
7
Pages
1099-1108
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
In human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals, the immune response over time to yellow fever vaccination (YFV) and the necessity for booster vaccination are not well understood.
We studied 247 participants of the Swiss HIV Cohort Study (SHCS) with a first YFV after HIV diagnosis and determined their immune responses at 1 year, 5 years, and 10 years postvaccination by yellow fever plaque reduction neutralization titers (PRNTs) in stored blood samples. A PRNT of 1:≥10 was regarded as reactive and protective. Predictors of vaccination response were analyzed with Poisson regression.
At vaccination, 82% of the vaccinees were taking combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), 83% had suppressed HIV RNA levels (<400 copies/mL), and their median CD4 T-cell count was 536 cells/μL. PRNT was reactive in 46% (95% confidence interval [CI], 38%-53%) before, 95% (95% CI, 91%-98%) within 1 year, 86% (95% CI, 79%-92%) at 5 years, and 75% (95% CI, 62%-85%) at 10 years postvaccination. In those with suppressed plasma HIV RNA at YFV, the proportion with reactive PRNTs remained high: 99% (95% CI, 95%-99.8%) within 1 year, 99% (95% CI, 92%-100%) at 5 years, and 100% (95% CI, 86%-100%) at 10 years.
HIV-infected patients' long-term immune response up to 10 years to YFV is primarily dependent on the control of HIV replication at the time of vaccination. For those on successful cART, immune response up to 10 years is comparable to that of non-HIV-infected adults. We recommend a single YFV booster after 10 years for patients vaccinated on successful cART, whereas those vaccinated with uncontrolled HIV RNA may need an early booster.

Mots-clé
CD4 count, HIV-RNA, HIV-infected patients, HIV-infection, Yellow fever vaccination, antiretroviral therapy, plaque reduction neutralisation test, short- and long-term immune response
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
16/11/2017 20:04
Dernière modification de la notice
16/04/2018 17:32
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