Article: article from journal or magazin.
ENaC inhibition stimulates Cl- secretion in the mouse cortical collecting duct through an NKCC1-dependent mechanism.
American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
In cortical collecting ducts (CCDs) perfused in vitro, inhibiting the epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) reduces Cl(-) absorption. Since ENaC does not transport Cl(-), the purpose of this study was to determine how ENaC modulates Cl(-) absorption. Thus, Cl(-) absorption was measured in CCDs perfused in vitro that were taken from mice given aldosterone for 7 days. In wild-type mice, we observed no effect of luminal hydrochlorothiazide on either Cl(-) absorption or transepithelial voltage (V(T)). However, application of an ENaC inhibitor [benzamil (3 μM)] to the luminal fluid or application of a Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase inhibitor to the bath reduced Cl(-) absorption by ∼66-75% and nearly obliterated lumen-negative V(T). In contrast, ENaC inhibition had no effect in CCDs from collecting duct-specific ENaC-null mice (Hoxb7:CRE, Scnn1a(loxlox)). Whereas benzamil-sensitive Cl(-) absorption did not depend on CFTR, application of a Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl(-) cotransport inhibitor (bumetanide) to the bath or ablation of the gene encoding Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl(-) cotransporter 1 (NKCC1) blunted benzamil-sensitive Cl(-) absorption, although the benzamil-sensitive component of V(T) was unaffected. In conclusion, first, in CCDs from aldosterone-treated mice, most Cl(-) absorption is benzamil sensitive, whereas thiazide-sensitive Cl(-) absorption is undetectable. Second, benzamil-sensitive Cl(-) absorption occurs by inhibition of ENaC, possibly due to elimination of lumen-negative V(T). Finally, benzamil-sensitive Cl(-) flux occurs, at least in part, through transcellular transport through a pathway that depends on NKCC1.
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