Inequality of BMI dynamics: A socioeconomic and gender perspective

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_8ACA73D202BA.P001.pdf (455.40 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_8ACA73D202BA
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Inequality of BMI dynamics: A socioeconomic and gender perspective
Périodique
LIVES WORKING PAPER
Auteur(s)
Lipps O., Zella S.
ISSN
2296-1658
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
10/2016
Pages
1-21
Langue
anglais
Résumé
The aim is to understand causal effects of gender, socio-economic status, and ageing on body mass index (BMI) of individuals in three industrialized countries which are characterized by different BMI distributions.
Data comes from three large population representative panel surveys in the USA, Switzerland, and Germany including about 65 000 individuals and 254'000 measurements. Individuals report up to eleven times, measured annually (Switzerland) or bi-annually (USA and Germany). We use fixed effects models to interprete causal effects and random effects models to estimate coefficients of time invariant covariates. We find that not working increases BMI in the US and Germany, in women, and in lower educated individuals. A higher income increases BMI in men and in the US. Ageing is the driving force in all countries, in particular in Germany. Women increase their BMI faster than men, and the lower educated faster than those with a higher education. We conclude that the generally more deprived individuals (women, not working, lower educated, people from less affluent countries) suffer from a comparatively stronger BMI increase over their lifetime.
Mots-clé
SES and individual BMI | gender differences | age differences | fixed effects modeling | USA | Switzerland | Germany
Création de la notice
13/10/2016 9:45
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:49
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