Surrogate science: The idol of a universal method for scientific inference

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_8A4ACE889EC3
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Surrogate science: The idol of a universal method for scientific inference
Périodique
Journal of Management
Auteur(s)
Gigerenzer G., Marewski J. N.
ISSN
0149-2063
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
02/2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
41
Numéro
2
Pages
421-440
Langue
anglais
Résumé
The application of statistics to science is not a neutral act. Statistical tools have shaped and were also shaped by its objects. In the social sciences, statistical methods fundamentally changed research practice, making statistical inference its centerpiece. At the same time, textbook writers in the social sciences have transformed rivaling statistical systems into an apparently monolithic method that could be used mechanically. The idol of a universal method for scientific inference has been worshipped since the "inference revolution" of the 1950s. Because no such method has ever been found, surrogates have been created, most notably the quest for significant p values. This form of surrogate science fosters delusions and borderline cheating and has done much harm, creating, for one, a flood of irreproducible results. Proponents of the "Bayesian revolution" should be wary of chasing yet another chimera: an apparently universal inference procedure. A better path would be to promote both an understanding of the various devices in the "statistical toolbox" and informed judgment to select among these.
Mots-clé
Research methods, Regression analysis, Psychometrics, Bayesian methods
Web of science
Site de l'éditeur
Création de la notice
28/07/2014 15:06
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 19:09
Données d'usage