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Predicting daily-life antisocial behaviour in institutionalized adolescents with Transgression-related Implicit Association Tests
The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology
This study investigated whether implicit attitude (IA) and implicit self-concept (ISC) towards transgression predicted daily-life antisocial behaviour (ASB) in institutionalized adolescents. Eighty-seven adolescents completed two Implicit Association Tests (IAT) assessing IA and ISC towards transgression, and reported four times a day during eight days the intensity of their ASB. Staff members concurrently reported the intensity of each adolescent’s ASB. Adolescents filled in the Inventory for Callous-Unemotional Traits and answered a semi-structured interview assessing conduct disorder. Multilevel regression analyses confirmed that adolescents’ ISC towards transgression significantly predicted their self - and staff-reported ASB over and above conduct disorder and callous-unemotional traits. However, adolescents’ IA towards transgression did not predict their ASB. Results indicate that ISC towards transgression is a reliable predictor of daily-life ASB in institutionalized adolescents. These results suggest that transgression-related ISC represents a promising target for ASB prevention in institutionalized adolescents.
Institutionalized adolescents, antisocial behaviour, explicit and implicit measures, Implicit Association Test, Ecological Momentary Assessment, Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry and Mental health, Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry and Mental health
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