Article: article from journal or magazin.
The World Survey of Cardiac Pacing and Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators: calendar year 1997--Europe
Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
Journal Article --- Old month value: May
The registry of the European Working Group on Cardiac Pacing (EWGCP) is based on the European Pacemaker Identification Card originally designed in July 1978. National registration centers collect the local data and send aggregated annual data to the EWGCP. For 1997, data were obtained from 2,887 hospitals in 20 European countries representing a population of 568 million. Across all participating countries, the median value for all implanted pacemakers was 378 per million population. For initial pacemaker implants, the median value was 290 per million population. Single chamber atrial pacing was important in Denmark, the Netherlands, Poland, Slovak Republic, Spain, and Sweden for the treatment of sick sinus syndrome. Dual chamber pacing accounted for < 50% of initial implants in only 5 of 14 countries for atrioventricular block, and in only 3 of 15 countries for sick sinus syndrome. In 7 of 15 countries, unipolar ventricular leads were used in > or = 50% of cases. In 6 of 14 countries, there was > 15% use of unipolar atrial leads. Nine of 13 countries frequently used atrial active-fixation leads. For the 1997 survey, ICD data were obtained from 16 countries. The total number of ICDs per million population was a median value of 14. Initial ICD implants per million population was 11. Only 3 of 16 countries implanted a total of 30 or more ICDs per million population. Pacing and ICD practices were dependent on the availability of medical and technical resources and influenced by economic constraints inherent in health care administration and insurance coverage patterns.
Aged Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/*statistics & numerical data/trends Defibrillators, Implantable/*statistics & numerical data/trends Europe Female Heart Diseases/*therapy Humans Male Middle Aged Physician's Practice Patterns/*statistics & numerical data Questionnaires Registries
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