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Determination of plasma levels of citalopram and its demethylated and deaminated metabolites by gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
Journal of Chromatography
Sensitive and specific methods based on gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) for the determination of levels of citalopram, desmethylcitalopram and didesmethylcitalopram in the plasma of patients treated with citalopram are presented, as well as a GC-MS procedure for the assay of the citalopram propionic acid derivative. After addition of a separate internal standard for each drug, liquid-solvent extraction is used to separate the basic compounds from the acid compounds. The demethylated amines are derivatized with trifluoroacetic anhydride, and the acid metabolite with methyl iodide. GC-MS is performed in the electron impact mode, as mass spectrometry by the (positive-ion) chemical ionization mode (methane and ammonia) appeared to be unsuitable. The limits of quantification were 1 ng/ml for citalopram and desmethylcitalopram and 2 ng/ml for the other metabolites. The correlation coefficients for the calibration curves (range 10-500 ng/ml) were > or = 0.999 for all compounds, whether determined by GC or GC-MS.
Antidepressive Agents, Tricyclic/analysis, Chromatography, Gas, Citalopram/blood, Dealkylation, Deamination, Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, Humans, Indicators and Reagents, Reference Standards
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