Article: article from journal or magazin.
Effects of an interleukin-15 antagonist on systemic and skeletal alterations in mice with DSS-induced colitis.
American Journal of Pathology
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: ppublish
Inflammatory bowel diseases are commonly complicated by weight and bone loss. We hypothesized that IL-15, a pro-inflammatory cytokine expressed in colitis and an osteoclastogenic factor, could play a central role in systemic and skeletal complications of inflammatory bowel diseases. We evaluated the effects of an IL-15 antagonist, CRB-15, in mice with chronic colitis induced by oral 2% dextran sulfate sodium for 1 week, followed by another 1% for 2 weeks. During the last 2 weeks, mice were treated daily with CRB-15 or an IgG2a control antibody. Intestinal inflammation, disease severity, and bone parameters were evaluated at days 14 and 21. CRB-15 improved survival, early weight loss, and colitis clinical score, although colon damage and inflammation were prevented in only half the survivors. CRB-15 also delayed loss of femur bone mineral density and trabecular microarchitecture. Bone loss was characterized by decreased bone formation, but increased bone marrow osteoclast progenitors and osteoclast numbers on bone surfaces. CRB-15 prevented the suppression of osteoblastic markers of bone formation, and reduced osteoclast progenitors at day 14, but not later. However, by day 21, CRB-15 decreased tumor necrosis factor α and increased IL-10 expression in bone, paralleling a reduction of osteoclasts. These results delineate the role of IL-15 on the systemic and skeletal manifestations of chronic colitis and provide a proof-of-concept for future therapeutic developments.
Animals, Body Weight/drug effects, Bone Density/drug effects, Bone Marrow/metabolism, Chronic Disease, Colitis/chemically induced, Colitis/complications, Cytokines/metabolism, Dextran Sulfate, Drug Evaluation, Preclinical/methods, Female, Femur/pathology, Femur/physiopathology, Inflammation Mediators/metabolism, Interleukin-15/antagonists & inhibitors, Interleukin-15/pharmacology, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Osteoblasts/drug effects, Osteoblasts/pathology, Osteoclasts/drug effects, Osteoclasts/pathology, Osteoporosis/etiology, Osteoporosis/pathology, Recombinant Fusion Proteins/pharmacology, Recombinant Fusion Proteins/therapeutic use, Severity of Illness Index, Survival Analysis
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