Article: article from journal or magazin.
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Lymphangioléiomyomatose pulmonaire [Lymphangioleiomyomatosis]
Publication types: English Abstract ; Journal Article Publication Status: ppublish
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis is a rare pulmonary disease encountered almost exclusively in women of reproductive age. Pulmonary involvement is characterized by multiple thin-walled cysts in the lungs, recurrent pneumothorax, obstructive lung disorders, and progression to chronic respiratory failure over a mean period of 10 years. Certainty of diagnosis requires a lung biopsy, but international criteria have been proposed for a diagnosis without such a biopsy. International recommendations were recently issued for the diagnosis and treatment of lymphangioleiomyomatosis. Treatment is principally symptomatic and relies on the management of bronchial obstruction by bronchodilators; of hypoxemia by oxygen therapy; of pleural complications by pleurodesis, most often surgical; and of renal angiomyolipomas by percutaneous embolization in cases of hemorrhagic risk. Hormone treatment is not recommended. Hopes are high for mTor inhibitors (sirolimus and everolimus) and treatment trials are currently underway. Lung transplantation must be considered when chronic respiratory failure occurs in patients younger than 60 years.
Tuberous Sclerosis Complex, Pulmonary Lymphangioleiomyomatosis, Lung Transplantation, Air-Travel, Gene TSC2, Disease, Cells, Women, CT, Pneumothorax
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