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Cluster of oral atypical Candida albicans isolates in a group of human immunodeficiency virus-positive drug users
Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Journal Article --- Old month value: May
Twenty-one chlamydospore-forming and germ tube-positive Candida albicans clinical isolates from 15 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive and 3 HIV-negative patients were examined by two different genetic methods. Multilocus enzyme electrophoresis and hybridization with the C. albicans-specific Ca3 probe showed that such isolates can be split into two genetically distinct groups that can be clearly distinguished. One group mainly contained strains with atypical sugar assimilation patterns and could be distinguished from the other group by the absence of intracellular beta-glucosidase activity. All 13 strains belonging to this group were isolated from the oral cavities of asymptomatic HIV-positive drug users and may be less pathogenic than the eight strains from the other group isolated either from HIV-positive patients with oropharyngeal candidiasis or from HIV-negative patients with invasive candidiasis.
AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/complications/diagnosis/*microbiology Candida albicans/classification/genetics/*isolation & purification Candidiasis, Oral/*complications/diagnosis/*microbiology Cluster Analysis Enzymes/metabolism Genotype Humans Phenotype Substance Abuse, Intravenous/complications/*microbiology beta-Glucosidase/metabolism
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