A Master's thesis.
Master (thesis) (master)
Monitoring de l'immunosuppression par les thiopurines dans les maladies inflammatoires chroniques de l'intestin par le suivi de la macrocytose
Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
Number of pages
Background¦Erythrocyte MCV might be used as an inexpensive marker to predict and¦optimize the efficacy and tolerability of thiopurine therapy in IBD patients.¦Aim and methods¦This retrospective observational study aimed to assess the monitoring¦performances of MCV in patients under 3 months or more thiopurine treatment followed up¦in the Swiss IBD Cohort Study. All available MCV, white blood cells (WBC) and 6¦thioguanine nucleotide (6TGN) measurements, among others, were recorded. An IBD¦"flare" was defined as a composite outcome encompassing treatment change,¦colonoscopy, histology, CT scan or MRI reports showing active IBD lesions, occurrence of¦intestinal surgery and IBD-related hospitalisations. Whether MCV measurements predicted¦efficacy of thiopurine treatment was investigated by assessing the statistical association¦between the occurrence of IBD "flares", and the current or recent MCV values, taking into¦account the patient clustering and longitudinal aspect of data.¦Results¦140 patients (77 women), mean age 38 years (17-74), 104 diagnosed with¦Crohn's disease, 36 with ulcerative colitis, mean disease duration 8 years (0.25-36),¦receiving either azathioprine (n=125) or 6-mercaptopurine (n=15) were included, most of¦them over 3-year follow up.¦Thiopurines increased mean patient MCV by an average 5.8±5.2 fL, while¦patientsfluctuated by ±4.3 fL around their individual mean (p<0.001). They decreased¦WBC by an average of 2.4+/- 2.6 G/L (p<0.001).¦Significant associations were observed between the probability of flare occurrence and low¦current MVC (p=0.017) or high current WBC (p=0.009) and, with a relative risk of 3.7% for¦every fL of MCV decrease or 8% for every G/L of WBC increase. Both markers revealed¦some memory effect.¦Despite this, the performance of MCV and WBC to predict IBD "flare" remained rather¦limited, as it is less accurate than the 6-TGN-level , although only determined in a¦subgroup of patients in this study.¦Conclusion¦MCV and WBC deserve to be observed to check and monitor therapeutic¦exposure to thiopurine agents in IBD patients. Unfortunately, their predictive performance¦precludes their privileged use for optimization of therapy. Further prospective studies¦should suitably include the systematic measurement of metabolite concentration.
MCV, Thiopurine, IBD, Monitoring, Flare
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