Whole-body MRI to assess bone involvement in prostate cancer and multiple myeloma: comparison of the diagnostic accuracies of the T1, short tau inversion recovery (STIR), and high b-values diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) sequences.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_856529E90923
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Whole-body MRI to assess bone involvement in prostate cancer and multiple myeloma: comparison of the diagnostic accuracies of the T1, short tau inversion recovery (STIR), and high b-values diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) sequences.
Périodique
European radiology
Auteur(s)
Larbi A., Omoumi P., Pasoglou V., Michoux N., Triqueneaux P., Tombal B., Cyteval C., Lecouvet F.E.
ISSN
1432-1084 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0938-7994
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
08/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
29
Numéro
8
Pages
4503-4513
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
To compare the diagnostic accuracy of whole-body T1, short tau inversion recovery (STIR), high b-value diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), and sequence combinations to detect bone involvement in prostate cancer (PCa) and multiple myeloma (MM) patients.
We included 50 consecutive patients with PCa at high risk for metastasis and 47 consecutive patients with a histologically confirmed diagnosis of MM who received whole-body MRI at two institutions from January to December 2015. Coronal T1, STIR, and reconstructed coronal high b-values DWI were obtained for all patients. Two musculoskeletal radiologists read individual sequences, pairs of sequences (T1-DWI, T1-STIR, and STIR-DWI), and all combined (T1-STIR-DWI) to detect bone involvement. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to assess diagnostic performance according to a "best valuable comparator" combining baseline and 6-month imaging and clinical and biological data. Interobserver agreement was calculated.
Interobserver agreement for individual and combined MRI sequences was very good in the PCa group and ranged from good to very good in the MM group (0.76-1.00). In PCa patients, T1-DWI, T1-STIR, and T1-STIR-DWI showed the highest performance (sensitivity = 100% [95% CI = 90.5-100%], specificity = 100% [75.3-100%]). In MM patients, the highest performance was achieved by T1-STIR-DWI (sensitivity = 100% [88.4-100%], specificity = 94.1% [71.3-100%]). T1-STIR-DWI significantly outperformed all sequences (p < 0.05) except T1-DWI (p = 0.49).
In PCa patients, a combination of either T1-DWI or T1-STIR sequences is not inferior to a combination of three sequences to detect bone metastases. In MM, T1-STIR-DWI and T1-DWI had the highest diagnostic performance for detecting bone involvement.
• The sequences used in Whole Body MRI studies to detect bone involvement in prostate cancer and myeloma were evaluated. • In prostate cancer, any pairwise combinations of T1, STIR, and DWI have high diagnostic value. • In myeloma, the combinations T1-STIR-DWI or T1-DWI sequences should be used.
Mots-clé
Bone marrow diseases, Magnetic resonance imaging, Multiple myeloma, Prostate cancer, Whole body imaging
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
11/11/2018 13:34
Dernière modification de la notice
21/08/2019 6:36
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