Differentiation of trophoblast giant cells and their metabolic functions are dependent on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor beta/delta.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_8549A418D681
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Differentiation of trophoblast giant cells and their metabolic functions are dependent on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor beta/delta.
Périodique
Molecular and Cellular Biology
Auteur(s)
Nadra K., Anghel S.I., Joye E., Tan N.S., Basu-Modak S., Trono D., Wahli W., Desvergne B.
ISSN
0270-7306[print], 0270-7306[linking]
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2006
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
26
Numéro
8
Pages
3266-3281
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Mutation of the nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor beta/delta (PPARbeta/delta) severely affects placenta development, leading to embryonic death at embryonic day 9.5 (E9.5) to E10.5 of most, but not all, PPARbeta/delta-null mutant embryos. While very little is known at present about the pathway governed by PPARbeta/delta in the developing placenta, this paper demonstrates that the main alteration of the placenta of PPARbeta/delta-null embryos is found in the giant cell layer. PPARbeta/delta activity is in fact essential for the differentiation of the Rcho-1 cells in giant cells, as shown by the severe inhibition of differentiation once PPARbeta/delta is silenced. Conversely, exposure of Rcho-1 cells to a PPARbeta/delta agonist triggers a massive differentiation via increased expression of 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase 1 and integrin-linked kinase and subsequent phosphorylation of Akt. The links between PPARbeta/delta activity in giant cells and its role on Akt activity are further strengthened by the remarkable pattern of phospho-Akt expression in vivo at E9.5, specifically in the nucleus of the giant cells. In addition to this phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt main pathway, PPARbeta/delta also induced giant cell differentiation via increased expression of I-mfa, an inhibitor of Mash-2 activity. Finally, giant cell differentiation at E9.5 is accompanied by a PPARbeta/delta-dependent accumulation of lipid droplets and an increased expression of the adipose differentiation-related protein (also called adipophilin), which may participate to lipid metabolism and/or steroidogenesis. Altogether, this important role of PPARbeta/delta in placenta development and giant cell differentiation should be considered when contemplating the potency of PPARbeta/delta agonist as therapeutic agents of broad application.
Mots-clé
1-Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase/metabolism, Animals, Cell Differentiation, Cell Nucleus/metabolism, Cells, Cultured, Female, Genetic Vectors, Giant Cells/metabolism, Giant Cells/physiology, Lipids/biosynthesis, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Knockout, Models, Biological, PPAR delta/genetics, PPAR delta/metabolism, PPAR-beta/genetics, PPAR-beta/metabolism, Peptides/metabolism, Pregnancy, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism, Transformation, Genetic, Trophoblasts/metabolism, Trophoblasts/physiology
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
24/01/2008 16:26
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 18:56
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