TRENDS IN HOSPITAL MANAGEMENT OF ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION IN SWITZERLAND, 1998 TO 2008 THE REGION MAKES THE DIFFERENCE: DISPARITIES IN MANAGEMENT OF ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION WITHIN SWITZERLAND

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_854237C18CE0.P001.pdf (478.35 [Ko])
Etat: Serval
Version: Après imprimatur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_854237C18CE0
Type
Mémoire
Sous-type
(Mémoire de) maîtrise (master)
Collection
Publications
Titre
TRENDS IN HOSPITAL MANAGEMENT OF ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION IN SWITZERLAND, 1998 TO 2008 THE REGION MAKES THE DIFFERENCE: DISPARITIES IN MANAGEMENT OF ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION WITHIN SWITZERLAND
Auteur(s)
Insam C.
Directeur(s)
Marques-Vidal P.
Institution
Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
Statut éditorial
Acceptée
Date de publication
2012
Langue
anglais
Nombre de pages
43
Résumé
The aim of this master's thesis was to assess the ten- year trends and regional differences in management and outcome of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) within Switzerland. The thesis is composed of two articles.
First, in the article "Trends in hospital management of acute myocardial infarction in Switzerland, 1998 to 2008" over 102,700 cases of AMI with corresponding management and revascularization procedures were assessed. The results showed a considerable increase in the numbers of hospital discharges for AMI, namely due to the increase of between- hospital transfers. Rates of intensive care unit admissions remained stable. All types of revascularization procedures showed an increase. In particular, overall stenting rates increased with drug-eluting stents partly replacing bare stents.
Second, in the article "The region makes the difference: disparities in management of acute myocardial infarction within Switzerland" around 25,600 cases of AMI with corresponding management were assessed for the period of 2007-2008 and according to seven Swiss regions. As reported by our results, considerable regional differences in AMI management were stated within Switzerland. Although each region showed different trends regarding revascularization interventions, Leman and Ticino contrast significantly by presenting the minimum and maximum rates in almost all assessed parameters. As a consequence these two regions differ the most from the Swiss average.
The impact of the changes in trends and the regional differences in AMI management on Swiss patient's outcome and economics remains to be assessed. Purpose: To assess ten-year trends in management and outcome of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in Switzerland. Methods: Swiss hospital discharge database for the 1998 to 2008 period. AMI was defined as a primary discharge diagnosis code I21 according to the CIM-10 classification of the World Health Organization. Management and revascularization procedures were assessed.
Results: Overall, 102,729 hospital discharges with a diagnosis of AMI were analyzed. The number of hospital discharges increased almost three-fold from 5530 in 1998 to 13,834 in 2008, namely due to a considerable increase in between-hospital transfers (1352 in 1998, 6494 in 2008). Relative to all hospital discharges, Intensive Care Unit admission rate was 38.0% in 1998 and remained stable (36.2%) in 2008 (p for trend=0.25). Percutaneous revascularization rates increased from 6.0% to 39.9% (p for trend<0.001). Non-drug-eluting stent use increased from 1.3% to 16.6% (p for trend<0.05). Drug eluting stents appeared in 2004 and increased to 23.5% of hospital discharges in 2008 (p for trend=0.07). Coronary artery bypass graft increased from 1.0% to 3.0% (p for trend<0.001). Circulatory assistance increased from 0.2% to 1.7% (p for trend<0.001). Thrombolysis showed no significant changes, from 0.5% to 1.9% (p for trend=0.64). Most of these trends were confirmed after multivariate adjustment.
Conclusion: Between 1998 and 2008 the number of hospital discharges for AMI increased considerably in Switzerland, namely due to between-hospital transfers. Overall stenting rates increased, drug-eluting stents partly replacing bare stents. The impact of these changes on outcome and economics remains to be assessed.
Mots-clé
acute myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization, epidemiology, Switzerland, trends, drug-eluting stent, coronary artery bypass graft, hospital discharge.
Création de la notice
10/09/2013 10:37
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 18:56
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