Article: article from journal or magazin.
Gènes, environnement et neurodéveloppement: te cas de la schizophrénie [Schizophrenia: genes, environment and neurodevelopment].
Revue Médicale Suisse
1672, 1674-1672, 1677
Publication types: English Abstract ; Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
Psychoses are complex diseases resulting from the interaction between genetic vulnerability factors and various environmental risk factors during the brain development and leading to the emergence of the clinical phenotype at the end of adolescence. Among the mechanisms involved, a redox imbalance plays an important role, inducing oxidative stress damaging to developing neurons. As a consequence, the excitatory/inhibitory balance in cortex and the pathways connecting brain areas are both impaired. Childhood and adolescence appear as critical periods of vulnerability for deleterious environmental insults. Antioxidants, applied during the environmental impacts, should allow preventing these impairments as well as their clinical consequences.
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