Cumulative risk factors for adolescent alcohol misuse and its perceived consequences among 16 to 20 year old adolescents in Switzerland.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_849CEAF1AEAE
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Cumulative risk factors for adolescent alcohol misuse and its perceived consequences among 16 to 20 year old adolescents in Switzerland.
Périodique
Preventive medicine
Auteur(s)
Zufferey Agnes, Michaud Pierre-André, Jeannin André, Berchtold André, Chossis Isabelle, Van Melle Guy, Suris Joan-Carles
ISSN
0091-7435
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2007
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
45
Numéro
2-3
Pages
233-239
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't - Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
AIMS: To assess the cumulative impact of environmental and individual factors associated with adolescent alcohol misuse and their correlation with self-reported consequences of drinking. METHOD: Cross-sectional school-based survey of a nationally representative sample of 7548 post-mandatory school students and apprentices aged 16-20 years, Switzerland 2002. Alcohol misuse defined by frequency of alcohol use, episodes of drunkenness and driving while drunk. RESULTS: Fifteen significant risk factors were identified among both boys, and girls. An individual score of cumulated risk factors was created by adding the risk factors. The association between the score and the likelihood of being engaged in alcohol misuse was highly significant and dose-dependent (p<.001). A significant proportion of adolescents report perceived adverse consequences of their alcohol consumption. A linear trend (p<.001) was found between the score of risk factors and the proportion of respondents reporting problems related to drinking such as diminished school performance, physical hazard, relational problems and current risky sexual behavior. CONCLUSION: Risk factors for adolescent alcohol misuse are cumulative and can be synthesized into an individual score correlated with the likeliness of misuse. A further indication of the validity of this score is its linear relationship with self-reported problems related to drinking.
Mots-clé
Adolescent, Adult, Alcohol Drinking, Alcoholism, Attitude to Health, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Humans, Male, Risk Factors, Switzerland
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
29/02/2008 16:30
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:44
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