Expertises croisées dans la dégénérescence maculaire liée à l'âge. Focus sur la physiopathologie, l'angiogenèse, les données pharmacologiques et cliniques [Review and expert opinion in age related macular degeneration. Focus on the pathophysiology, angiogenesis and pharmacological and clinical data].

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_83EDBC5CA1C8
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Sous-type
Synthèse (review): revue aussi complète que possible des connaissances sur un sujet, rédigée à partir de l'analyse exhaustive des travaux publiés.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Expertises croisées dans la dégénérescence maculaire liée à l'âge. Focus sur la physiopathologie, l'angiogenèse, les données pharmacologiques et cliniques [Review and expert opinion in age related macular degeneration. Focus on the pathophysiology, angiogenesis and pharmacological and clinical data].
Périodique
Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Auteur(s)
Weber M., Sennlaub F., Souied E., Cohen S.Y., Béhar-Cohen F., Milano G., Tadayoni R.
ISSN
1773-0597 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0181-5512
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2014
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
37
Numéro
7
Pages
566-579
Langue
français
Notes
Publication types: English Abstract ; Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Age related macular degeneration (AMD) is a pathological aging of the macula, brought about by the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. It induces geographic atrophy of the retina and/or choroidal neovascularization. In the latter, abnormal vessels develop from the choriocapillaris, with the involvement of VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor). The VEGF family includes several factors, including VEGF-A, B, C, D, F and PlGF (placental growth factor). Their biological properties and their affinities to the VEGFR1, VEGFR2 and VEGFR3 receptors found on endothelial cells differ. Exudative AMD involves mainly VEGF-A and VEGF-R2. Anti-VEGF agents used in ophthalmology (ranibizumab, bevacizumab and aflibercept) are designed to primarily target this pathway. In vitro, all have sufficient affinity to their ligands. Their therapeutic efficacy must therefore be judged based on clinical criteria. In clinical practice, the minimum number of injections required for a satisfactory result appears to be comparable with all the three. The few available studies on therapeutic substitutions of anti-VEGF compounds suggest that some patients may benefit from substituting the anti-VEGF in cases of an unsatisfactory response to an initial molecule. Although local side effects, including increased risk of geographic atrophy, and systemic effects, including vascular accidents, have been suggested, these risks remain low, specially compared to the benefits of the treatment. Differences in safety between anti-VEGF are theoretically possible but unproven.
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
06/10/2014 15:30
Dernière modification de la notice
19/03/2018 10:52
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