Article: article from journal or magazin.
Reshaping the remodelled left ventricle: a new concept.
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
OBJECTIVE: Based on the law of Laplace, transventricular tension members were designed to diminish wall stress by changing the left ventricle (LV) globular shape to a bilobular one, thus reducing the ventricular wall radius of curvature. This concept was tested in a model of congestive heart failure. METHODS: Seven calves were used for the study (74.3+/-4.2 kg). Treatment efficacy was assessed with sonomicrometric wall motion analysis coupled with intraventricular pressure measurement. Preload increase was applied stepwise with tension members in released and tightened position. RESULTS: Tightening of the tension members improved systolic function for CVP>10 mmHg (dP/dt: 828+/-122 vs. 895+/-112 mmHg/s, P=0.019, for baseline and 20% stress level reduction respectively; wall thickening: 11.6+/-1.5 vs. 13.3+/-1.7%, P<0.001) and diastolic function (LV end-diastolic pressure: 15.9+/-4.8 vs. 13.6+/-2.7 mmHg, P<0.001, for CVP>10 mmHg; peak rate of wall thinning: -12.2+/-2.2 vs. -14+/-2.3 cm(2)/s, P<0.001 and logistic time constant of isovolumic relaxation: 48.4 +/-10.9 vs. 39.8+/-9.6ms, P<0.001, for CVP>5 mmHg). CONCLUSIONS: This less aggressive LV reduction method significantly improves contractility and relaxation parameters in this model of congestive heart failure.
Animals, Cardiac Volume, Cattle, Heart Failure, Heart Ventricles, Hemodynamics, Myocardial Contraction, Systole, Ventricular Remodeling
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