Article: article from journal or magazin.
Release of N-acetylaspartylglutamate from slices of rat cerebellum, striatum, and spinal cord, and the effect of climbing fiber deprivation.
Journal of Neurochemistry
Publication types: In Vitro ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: ppublish
The release of endogenous N-acetylaspartylglutamate (NAAG) from slices of rat cerebellum, striatum, and spinal cord upon depolarization with 50 mM K+ was investigated. NAAG in superfusates was prepurified using an ion exchanger, esterified, and then quantified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Deuterated NAAG was used as internal standard. A depolarization-induced release of NAAG was found in all three regions. The release was Ca2+ dependent to over 85% in cerebellum and striatum, but only to approximately 70% in spinal cord. In addition, the effect of lesions of the olivocerebellar pathway on the K(+)-induced release of NAAG was studied: Treatment of the animals with 3-acetylpyridine reduced the release of NAAG from cerebellar hemispheres significantly, by about 40% compared with controls. These results suggest that part of the NAAG released from cerebellar slices on depolarization is related to climbing fibers. Implications of these findings concerning possible physiological roles of NAAG in the three CNS regions are discussed.
Animals, Calcium/administration & dosage, Calcium/pharmacology, Cerebellum/drug effects, Cerebellum/secretion, Corpus Striatum/drug effects, Corpus Striatum/secretion, Denervation, Dipeptides/secretion, Electrophysiology, Male, Nerve Fibers/physiology, Potassium/pharmacology, Pyridines/pharmacology, Rats, Spinal Cord/drug effects, Spinal Cord/secretion
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