Article: article from journal or magazin.
Dosimetric aspects of a national survey of diagnostic and interventional radiology in Switzerland.
The effective dose delivered to the patient was determined, by modeling, for 257 types of examinations covering the different modalities of diagnostic and interventional radiology. The basic operational dosimetric quantities considered were obtained from the parameters of the examinations on the basis of dosimetric models. These models required a precise characterization of each examination. The operational dosimetric quantities were converted into doses to organs and effective doses using appropriate conversion factors. The determination of the collective effective dose to the Swiss population requires a number of corrections to account for the variability of several parameters: sensitivity of the detection system, age, gender, and build of the patient. The use of various dosimetric models is illustrated in this paper for a limited number of examination types covering the different radiological modalities, for which the established typical effective doses are given. With regard to individual doses, the study indicated that the average effective doses per type of examination can be classified into three levels: (a) the weakly irradiating examinations (less than 0.1 mSv), which represent 78% of the examinations and 4% of the collective dose, (b) the moderately irradiating examinations (between 0.1 mSv and 10 mSv), which represent 21% of the examinations and 72% of the collective dose, (c) the strongly irradiating examinations (more than 10 mSv), which represent 1% of the examinations and 24% of the collective dose.
Adolescent, Adult, Algorithms, Angiography, Child, Child, Preschool, Environmental Exposure, Female, Fluoroscopy, Health Surveys, Humans, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Male, Questionnaires, Radiation Dosage, Radiography/classification, Radiography, Interventional/methods, Radiometry, Switzerland, Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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