Differences in Frontal Activation in Adult Patients with Schizophrenia and in Psychotic Adolescents with Schizophrenic Symptoms in Two Fmri Tasks

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_820BDF4BA620
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Sous-type
Abstract (résumé de présentation): article court qui reprend les éléments essentiels présentés à l'occasion d'une conférence scientifique dans un poster ou lors d'une intervention orale.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Differences in Frontal Activation in Adult Patients with Schizophrenia and in Psychotic Adolescents with Schizophrenic Symptoms in Two Fmri Tasks
Titre de la conférence
65th Annual Convention of the Society of Biological Psychiatry
Auteur(s)
Jaugey Laure, Holzer Laurent, Marquet Pierre, Fornari Eleonora, Halfon Olivier, Bovet Pierre, Magistretti Pierre, Vianin Pascal
Adresse
New Orleans (LA) - United States, 20-22 May 2010
ISBN
0006-3223
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2010
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
67
Série
Biological Psychiatry
Pages
85S
Langue
anglais
Notes
Meeting Abstract
Résumé
Background:
Language processing abnormalities and inhibition difficulties are hallmark features of schizophrenia. The objective of this study is to asses the blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) response at two different stages of the illness and compare the frontal activity between adolescents and adults with schizophrenia.
Methods:
10 adults with schizophrenia (mean age 31,5 years) and 6 psychotic adolescents with schizophrenic symptoms (mean age 16,2 years) underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging while performing two frontal tasks. Regional activation is compared in the bilateral frontal areas during a covert verbal fluency task (letter version) and a Stroop task (inhibition task).
Results:
Preliminary results show poorer task performance and less frontal cortex activation during both tasks in the adult group of patients with schizophrenia. In the adolescent patients group, fMRI analysis show significant and larger activity in the left frontal operculum (Broca's area) in the verbal fluency task and greater activity in the medium cingulate during the inhibition phase of the Stroop task.
Conclusions:
These preliminary findings suggest a decrease of frontal activity in the course of the illness. We assume that schizophrenia contributes to frontal brain activity reduction.
Web of science
Création de la notice
02/09/2010 12:56
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:42
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