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Plant defense against herbivory: progress in identifying synergism, redundancy, and antagonism between resistance traits.
Current Opinion in Plant Biology
Plants respond to herbivore attack through a complex and variable system of defense, involving different physical barriers, toxic chemicals, and recruitment of natural enemies. To fully understand the relative role of each type of defense, their synergisms, redundancies, or antagonisms between traits, a variety of methods of enquiry, commonly used in plant physiology and ecology, have been employed. By overexpressing or silencing genes of interest, it is possible to understand the specific role of a particular defensive molecule or mode of action. We argue, however, that these types of experiments alone are not enough to holistically understand the physiological as well as ecological role of plant defenses. We thus advocate for the use of a combination of methods, including genetic modification, quantitative genetics, and phylogenetically controlled comparative studies.
Animals, Gene Expression Regulation, Plant, Host-Parasite Interactions, Immunity, Innate, Insects/physiology, Plant Diseases/genetics, Plant Diseases/immunology, Plants/genetics, Plants/immunology
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