Independent association between socioeconomic indicators and macro- and micro-nutrient intake in Switzerland.

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_81CAEA6CE1B3.pdf (857.83 [Ko])
Etat: Serval
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_81CAEA6CE1B3
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Independent association between socioeconomic indicators and macro- and micro-nutrient intake in Switzerland.
Périodique
PloS one
Auteur(s)
de Mestral C., Marques-Vidal P., Gaspoz J.M., Theler J.M., Guessous I.
ISSN
1932-6203 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1932-6203
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
12
Numéro
4
Pages
e0174578
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Résumé
Socioeconomic differences in diet are rarely assessed with more than one indicator. We aimed to assess differences in macro- and micro-nutrient intake in both sexes according to education, income, and occupation.
We used data from validated food frequency questionnaire measured dietary intake in 5087 participants (2157 women) from yearly adult population-based cross-sectional surveys conducted from 2005 to 2012 in the canton of Geneva, Switzerland. We used two ANOVA models: age-adjusted and multivariable adjusted simultaneously for all three socioeconomic indicators.
Low-education men consumed more calcium but less vitamin D than high-education men; low-income men consumed less total and animal protein (80.9±0.9 vs 84.0±0.6 g/d; 55.6±1.0 vs 59.5±0.7 g/d) and more total carbohydrates and sugars (246±2 vs 235±2 g/d; 108±2 vs 103±1 g/d) than high-income men. Occupation and diet showed no association. Low-education women consumed less vegetable protein (20.7±0.2 vs 21.6±0.2 g/d), fibre (15.7±0.3 vs 16.8±0.2 g/d), and carotene (4222±158 vs 4870±128 μg/d) than high-education women; low-income women consumed more total carbohydrates (206±2 vs 197±1 g/d) and less monounsaturated fat (27.7±0.4 vs 29.3±0.3 g/d) than high-income women. Finally, low-occupation women consumed more total energy (1792±27 vs 1714±15 kcal/d) and total carbohydrates (206±2 vs 200±1 g/d), but less saturated fat (23.0±0.3 vs 24.4±0.2 g/d), calcium (935±17 vs 997±10 mg/d) and vitamin D (2.5±0.1 vs 2.9±0.1 μg/d), than high-occupation women.
In Switzerland, the influence of socioeconomic factors on nutrient intake differs by sex; income and education, but not occupation, drive differences among men; among women, all three indicators seem to play a role. Interventions to reduce inequalities should consider the influence of education, income, and occupation in diet to be most effective.

Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
11/04/2017 18:40
Dernière modification de la notice
08/05/2019 21:11
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